These days it seems like we're constantly seeing gorgeous images of the Earth from space. It wasn't always that way. On July 23rd 1972, NASA launched ERTS-1 satellite into space to observe the planet. We've never seen ourselves the same since.
ERTS-1—Landsat 1—was the first of seven satellites in the Landsat program, which has continuously recorded our planet for the last forty years. According to NASA, the program was inspired by the photographs taken by astronauts from space that showed us the first images of Earth from without. Can you blame us for wanting more? Can you imagine what it was like to see the Earth from space for the first time? The same curiosity that sent us out into space to try to learn more about distant galaxies suddenly left us with an unquenchable urge to stare back at ourselves.
Landsat 1 beamed data back to Earth for six years, and was instrumental in halting—or at least slowing down—the ecological disaster in the Amazon by giving us the first comprehensive and horrifying images of Amazon deforestation. But despite all the important information the Landsat program gives us, the program has always been in jeopardy because it's very expensive to run. As CNET points out, NASA even tried to commercialise the program at one point to make back some of the money it was burning on the program. Luckily, the American government has always seen it fit to keep it going. Landsat 7 has been actively returning data since 1999. Next year, the program will evolve with its next generation satellite, the Landsat Data Continuity Mission, which will return important data for the foreseeable future.
Back during the early days of the Landsat program you needed special NASA equipment to view the images NASA captured. Since 2008, though, the USGS has made Landsat data available to anyone with just an internet connection. In fact, in less than a minute you can dial in your exact location and view a relatively high-quality satellite image of the building you're sitting in. Even if that's not Landsat imagery, we've got Landsat to thank. Where would we be without a continuous record of our curious, life-supporting, blue marble? [NASA via CNET]