17 of the Oldest Man-Made Structures on Earth

By Attila Nagy on at

Of the original Seven Wonders of the Ancient World, only one wonder still exists today: the crumbling, gorgeous Great Pyramids of Giza. But there are plenty of other ancient structures that deserve our attention too, from the place where Jesus was born to an almost 3,000-year-old Buddhist temple that's made out of timber. Even more remarkable? Most of these building are still in use. Check out 17 of these tributes to human engineering, below.

17 of the Oldest Man-Made Structures on Earth

The Santa Sophia (also known as Hagia Sophia) in Istanbul, Turkey has been church, mosque and museum since it was completed in 537 AD.

Photo: Scott Barbour/Getty Images


17 of the Oldest Man-Made Structures on Earth

The Pantheon in Rome was built as a temple by Hadrian in 117 AD, and has been in continuous use throughout its history. It is one of the best-preserved of all Roman buildings, now a museum and Roman Catholic church.

Photo: Dark Rome Tours & Walks


17 of the Oldest Man-Made Structures on Earth

The church Santa Sabina in Rome, built in 422 AD, hasn't been changed since it was built, and is still in use by the Catholic Church.

Photo: Agniulka/Wikimedia Commons


17 of the Oldest Man-Made Structures on Earth

Rome's Mausoleum of Hadrian, usually known as Castel Sant'Angelo was completed in 139 AD and converted to a fortress around 400 AD. It's still a fortress (and a museum) today.

Photo: davidpc_


17 of the Oldest Man-Made Structures on Earth

The Colosseum once regularly hosted fifty thousand Romans, eager to witness the blood and violence of the legendary gladiators. Because of its ruined state, these days it can only hold a few hundred people on temporary plastic seats for (horribly overpriced) cultural events. Larger concerts and Roman Catholic events are also held outside, using the Colosseum as a dramatic backdrop.

Photo: Franco Origlia/Getty Images


17 of the Oldest Man-Made Structures on Earth

The Theatre of Marcellus once was Rome’s largest open-air theatre—built in the last years of the Republic. The building has undergone several modifications over its history, and today, the upper portion serves as apartments.

Photo: Mark Turner


17 of the Oldest Man-Made Structures on Earth

Ponte Fabricio, in Rome, was built in 62 BC. The bridge is almost unchanged, and still serves thousands of Romans today.

Photo: Tomaž Štolfa


17 of the Oldest Man-Made Structures on Earth

This is the Caravan Bridge over the river Meles in Izmir, Turkey. It was built around 850 BC, which makes it more than 2,860 years old—qualifying as the oldest functioning bridge in the world.

Photo: Murat AY/Panoramio


17 of the Oldest Man-Made Structures on Earth

Likewise, the Church of the Nativity (565 AD, Bethlehem, West Bank, Israel) is one of the oldest church buildings in the world—today, it still hosts multiple church services every day.

Photo: Nadav Neuhaus/Getty Images


17 of the Oldest Man-Made Structures on Earth

The Proserpina Dam (Merida, Spain) dates from the first or second century AD, and once fed the Roman aqueduct taking water to a nearby city. This ancient Roman gravity dam is still used by local farmers to irrigate crops.

Photo: JMN/Cover/Getty Images


17 of the Oldest Man-Made Structures on Earth

Most of the thousand-year-old temples in Angkor, Cambodia, still serve religious function among the locals.

Photo: Attila Nagy/Gizmodo


17 of the Oldest Man-Made Structures on Earth

The Nanchan Temple is a Buddhist temple near the town of Doucun on Wutaishan, in Shanxi Province, China. It was built in 782 AD, and its Great Buddha Hall is currently China's oldest preserved timber building in existence.

Photo: Zeus1234/Wikimedia Commons


17 of the Oldest Man-Made Structures on Earth

The Basilica of Constantine at Trier, Germany is a Roman palace and basilica that was built at the beginning of the 4th century. Today it's used as church by a congregation within the Evangelical Church in the Rhineland.

Photo: Berthold Werner/Wikimedia Commons


17 of the Oldest Man-Made Structures on Earth

The Acoma Pueblo, also known as "Sky City," is a Native American pueblo located west of Albuquerque, New Mexico. Acoma tribal traditions estimate that they have lived in the village for more than two thousand years.

Photo: tunnelarmr


17 of the Oldest Man-Made Structures on Earth

The Mosque of Uqba (670 AD) aka the Great Mosque of Kairouan, Tunisia, is one of the oldest mosques in the world.

Photo: Andrew Watson


17 of the Oldest Man-Made Structures on Earth

The ancient Stonehenge is still a place of religious significance for Neopagan and New Age believers, and particularly for the Neo-druids.

Photo: Matt Cardy/Getty Images


17 of the Oldest Man-Made Structures on Earth

The Tower of Hercules is an ancient Roman lighthouse near A Coruña, Galicia, in north-western Spain. The structure is almost 1,900 years old and still in use today.

Photo: Alfonso Maseda


Top photo: Giorgio Cosulich/Getty Images

This list is far from complete, and is surely missing a few notable buildings. Don't hesitate to post them in the comments!