The Xbox One Can Tell When It's Overheating, and Power Down

By Kyle Wagner on at

So here's a cool thing the Xbox One can do: It automatically recognises when it's overheating, probably because you're an idiot and left a pizza box on top of it, and can adjust on the fly. In fact it's designed with extra room to make those adjustments.
In our chat with Xbox's General Manager of Console Development Leo del Castillo, I asked how Microsoft can account for the unknowns it's facing with the new design, which is much more Blu-ray player-ish than its predecessors, that invites people to set things on top of it. That's never really been a problem for weirdo designs like the SNES or N64, or even the concave Xbox 360.

“We can’t prevent misuse of the product," del Castillo says, "but we can certainly anticipate it." That's done by the Xbox being aware of its current temperature and having the capacity to cool itself down in a few ways. "The way we designed the box, we don’t actually intend it to ever have to go to maximum speed under normal environmental conditions. But there is overhead. So we’ll allow the fan to go all the way up to its maximum speed and if that solves the condition without the user having to do anything."

It goes a little further than that, though. The Xbox One actually has the ability to ramp down its power usage, so that it's using next to no power when it feels it's under total thermal duress. This keeps it from melting the plastic in its body, and also from experiencing critical overheating errors, but at the cost of performance, most likely.

"One thing that we have more flexibility with," del Castillo says, "With the architecture of the Xbox One is that we can dial back the power of the box considerably. We had a little less flexibility with the 360. And so basically, if we couldn't dissipate the heat, there wasn’t a whole lot of leverage we could pull to keep the heat from being generated, so we had a limited amount of time before it just shut down. Xbox One can actually dial it back to a lower power state, so low in fact that it can in a mode that uses virtually no air flow."

He wasn't clear about if we'd see that lowest power state in games themselves, or only in apps or other functions, like watching movies. It's an interesting addition though, one that will need to be closely monitored and balanced, because the last thing you want is to be losing your game's framerate because your Xbox One decides it doesn't want the fan to wake up. There's a give and take and it probably won't be tinkerable for the user. In fact, it's not really clear how it'll show up at all on your end.

"I don’t know the exact details of how it’ll show up the user," del Castillo explains. "But we try to be as transparent to the user as possible. We’ll allow the fan to go all the way up to maximum speed. They might notice the extra noise, and that will help to self correct the condition."

Using the audio cue of the fan is actually a half decent natural design. Plus if the usually quiet fan gets loud as hell and no one bothers to move the 24-pack of nappies from the top of the console? "If we get to the point where that is no longer enough, we have the mechanism, the interface, to deal with that," del Castillo says. That means pop up or banner alert probably, which sounds annoying but it's better than your Xbox melting to death.