Alan Turing, computing pioneer and the brain that cracked the Enigma Code -- considerably shortening the World War II conflict -- has finally been given a royal pardon, 60 years after his death.
Turing was prosecuted in 1952 for homosexuality, an illegal lifestyle at the time, and was chemically castrated as part of his punishment, despite his monumental contribution to the war effort. Turing would die aged 41 from cyanide poisoning; a death variously reported as a suicide.
Now, after a lengthy campaign, Turing has been officially pardoned for his "crimes". The pardon comes under the Royal Prerogative of Mercy by the Queen, following a request from Justice Secretary Chris Grayling and a petition with more than 37,000 signatories (including Sir Stephen Hawking). Long overdue, but a welcome mark of respect for a great man.