Wires are some of the most basic components of the modern world, which practically guarantees that most of us take them for granted. But as English Russia so kindly shows us, the process behind our messy heaps of wiring is anything but ordinary.
The photos, taken by E. Golovach, give us a rare, behind-the-scenes look at the often beautiful process of copper wire production. Plus, if you've ever wondered how all your dirty, recycled copper bits manage to be turned into something that's actually useful, herein lies your answer.
It all starts with a rusty heap of scrap metal. Anything containing copper will do...
...because any extra casings burn off when it gets melted down into copper soup.
To get temperatures up to boiling, factory workers inject oxygen under extremely high pressures.
The molten copper (which still contains quite a few impurities) starts flowing into moulds.
Apparently, the temperatures were so high that the camera snapping photos was even damaged at this point.
The moulds are then dipped in water to cool down to manageable temperatures.
The cooled moulds get sent off to shed their impurities in giant electrolysis baths.
And out come these much prettier copper sheets.
To be made into wire, this copper gets sent out to a new shop to be melted down once again.
The pure, molten copper is cooled and shaped into a large snake.
At which point it gets stretched and stretched until it's thin enough to meet the necessary diameter.