Yesterday the American Museum of Natural History took the wraps off its newest main attraction: Lonesome George. Lonesome George, the world-famous giant tortoise native to the Galapagos, passed on in 2012 of natural causes. This set in motion the process to preserve George through the most complex and intricate taxidermy ever attempted—from a species of one.
Lonsesome George was the last of the Pinta Island giant tortoises on the Galapagos. Due to human intervention in the ecosystem his entire species whittled down to just George. Since his discovery he'd been well cared for and revered by scientists across the board. Several attempts at mating George just never panned out and he died from old age. Within 24 hours of his death he was frozen with the decision to taxidermy him already rolling into action.
The first step of the process was to get George to the museum for evaluation. This involved huge amounts of coordination and paperwork to get him to NY through customs and into the States safely intact. They worked against the clock to minimise any types of freezer burn or damage done to George that could happen when kept frozen too long or transported poorly. After the museum assessed George, he was brought to the Wildlife Preservations taxidermy studio in Woodland Park, NJ.
George Dante, president of Wildlife Preservations and an expert in the field of taxidermy, lead the effort in bringing George's likeness back into existence. Since there were no other animals of his species to base him off of, extensive amounts of research went into making sure the process was as accurate as possible.
Making a individual animal's likeness, such as a pet, is usually avoided in the taxidermy trade. Once an animal is recreated they almost never look like how they once did to the people who were close to it in life, however true to the species they were. This made George an especially daunting task because he was one of the most well-known animals of all time.
The first step was to position George and make a framework of him. This way Dante could create a sculpture accurate to his posture and size later on. The next step was to skin George and remove his shell. The skin had to be carefully handled because it will go back on the sculpture later. After the sculpture—built around the original shell—was finished the skin was put back on.
Dante then restored colouration to the shell and skin, based on images and research into George's habitat soil and vegetation samples. Stains from the vegetation in his habitat were painted onto his beak and soil colouration applied to his feet.
This left the most challenging aspect for last: Lonesome George's eyes.
No one had actually had discovered the exact eye colour of a tortoise like George before. Yes, photos had been taken of him several times, but never close enough to reveal the true colour of his seemingly beady black eyes. The team poured through countless photos looking for any insight. Eventually they visited a controlled tortoise habitat where the handlers helped get an incredibly up close macro shot of an eye of a close relatives to Lonesome George.
With that straightened out, they sent out for a custom pair or glass eyes for a giant Pinta Island tortoise. The only of its kind.
George is on display at the American Museum of Natural History in New York until January 4th. Then he'll be on display back home in Ecuador.
George was preserved as part of an effort to bring awareness to man's power to destroy and save ecosystems. Because of an unnatural introduction of goats to the Galapagos, the tortoises had to compete for food. Goats have now been eradicated from the islands, but man's impact on habitats throughout the world isn't going anywhere.