The V-22 Osprey's mechanical and aeronautical shortcomings have been well-documented. That's why, for its third-generation tiltrotor, Bell has taken a good hard look at the ill-fated aircraft (one it helped design) and built the plane-copter hybrid it should have back in 1983.
The V-280 Valor, as it is known, bears a close resemblance to the older V-22, which Bell teamed up with Boeing to design and build for the US military beginning in the early 1980s. It's reportedly a bit smaller than the V-22 but still larger than the UH-60 Black Hawk helicopters that the US Army hopes it will replace by 2030.
Should the Valor platform make it to active duty, its four-person crew will be able to ferry up to 14 fully equipped soldiers up to 800 nautical miles at speeds topping 350 mph; that's double the range and speed of current-gen choppers. It can also fly one-way routes up to 2100 nmi, allowing them to be effectively "self-deployable", meaning there's no need to pack them up in the bellies of C-17s for transcontinental shipping. And with the addition of two underbelly slings, the V-280 will be able to hoist up to 10,000 pounds (4.5 tonnes) of supplies, vehicles, and equipment as well.
The V-280, despite appearances, operates very differently than its predecessor. The V-22 rotated its entire propulsion assembly — engines, rotors, everything — when transitioning between vertical and horizontal flight. That caused performance issues as doing so requires much more power and control with all the extra engine weight shifting around the vehicle as it's attempts to hover with some semblance of stability. The V-280, on the other hand, keeps the engines where they should be in fixed positions out at the end of the wings with only the rotors and hinged driveshafts swivelling back and forth. This not only makes the aircraft much easier to control during transitions, it should significantly increase its fuel efficiency compared to the V-22 and provide the V-280 with around five times the coverage area of current MEDEVAC helicopters.
Image: Bell Helicopters