Most of us, when we think of asbestos, think of the insulation in old buildings up for demolition. But asbestos fibres are naturally occurring minerals, and their natural habitats are largely Russia and the US, with deposits concentrated in the west. But when wind blows asbestos off the terrain, exactly how dangerous is it?
That's the question at the heart of a controversy in Nevada, where geologists are locked in a battle with the state's health department. In the New York Times, Deborah Blum reports on the work of geologists Brenda Buck and Rodney Metcalf, who have mapped Nevada's naturally occurring asbestos in more detail than ever before.
In the past, when we still used asbestos, the fibrous minerals were mined from large deposits in the west of the US. In Lobby, Montana, the site of a former asbestos mine, one-fifth of the residents ended up with asbestos-related lung disease. The long, skinny shape of asbestos fibres means they are lodged easily in the lungs, and a type of cancer called mesothelioma is often associated with asbestos exposure.
The asbestos mine in Libby, Montana. AP Photo/Rick Bowmer
Are Nevada's asbestos deposits, abundant but unmined, harming people? When an epidemiologist Francine Baumann conducted a preliminary analysis that she says found an unusual number of mesothelioma cases, Nevada responded by shutting down her access to the state cancer registry. The state health department says they've conducted their own analysis finding no dangerand Baumann's research was simply misguided. The Times has much more detail on the controversy.
Cancer clusters are rarely as clear-cut as Hollywood portrays it in Erin Brockovich. More often than out, it comes out to an unglamorous arguments over statistics. But naturally occurring asbestos is more prevalent than we previously thought. Geologists are finding them everywhere. Asbestos has been around more people than we knew for a long time, but we're only now beginning to figure out exactly how dangerous it is. [New York Times]
Top image: A sample of tremolite, a type of asbestos. AP Photo/Rick Bowmer