“As President and Commander-in-Chief, I take full responsibility for all our counterterrorism operations,” said US President Obama at a press conference yesterday about killing an American and Italian hostage in a US drone strike on Pakistan. What Obama failed to explain: Why the Central Intelligence Agency is allowed to carry out these drone strikes in secrecy.
No details were released about how the CIA screwed up the strike so profoundly. This is typical for America’s drone warfare programme, which has been operating covertly since its inception. The US government isn’t supposed to acknowledge the CIA’s covert actions, so giving it control over drones in Pakistan and Afghanistan is basically ensuring that things will stay opaque.
Most memos on drone protocol remain classified; there’s still a galling paucity of information available to the public about the rules for carrying out these strikes.
Now, after the first known American hostage death in a US drone strike, the CIA’s absurdly secretive tactics are getting called out, like its rules of engagement that boil down to striking first, and confirming the target’s identity later.
Why is this happening?
The Pentagon handles part of the US military drone programme, but the CIA is still in charge of carrying out missions in Pakistan and Afghanistan, aka the places where the bulk of the murder-by-drone is going down. This fractured approach means there’s plenty of opportunity for confusion, and information slips through the cracks. The CIA and the DOD have different rules for reporting on their drone strikes, which makes it even more difficult to tease out what happens.
“Having separate programmes hurts oversight,” said Rachel Stohl, a senior associate at The Stimson Center, a Washington think tank that sponsored a task force of retired generals and counterterrorism officials who studied the issue last year. “Who do you look to to get information from? It makes it far more challenging for a congressional committee, or the Justice Department or the public to know what is happening and where.”
Assuming that giving the Pentagon control of the drone programme and halting CIA’s involvement will somehow make the programme better is naive. But having one programme instead of two will make it easy to take stock of what’s going on. Consolidating the drone programme to the military definitely won’t immure the US drone programme from committing future acts of horrifying, unnecessary violence. But at the very least, moving the programme out of the CIA’s hands should make it at least incrementally more transparent. It’d make it harder for the US government to deny its drone strikes.
According to Politico, Sen. Dianne Feinstein’s actions are one reason why drone warfare has remained under CIA control for so long. Two years ago, Obama tried to shift responsibility over to the Pentagon, which would’ve resulted in greater transparency, but Feinstein blocked that effort:
Then-Senate Intelligence Committee Chairwoman Dianne Feinstein expressed concerns, and intelligence sources say she inserted a classified amendment in a spending bill last year requiring that the administration certify that giving the Pentagon a greater role would not have negative impacts on the war on terrorism.
Sen. Feinstein has also called for greater transparency about US counterintelligence missions— without acknowledging that her efforts to block a Pentagon takeover contributed to the current chaotic and clandestine drone warfare policy.
It shouldn’t take the violent death of an innocent American to get the US to pay attention to the horrifying imprecision of its unmanned killing machines, but at least it’s calling attention to what a boondoggle this splintered programme is.
Image via AP