The European Union isn’t a country. But you can jump between most countries in the EU without having to go through immigration, work between the countries in the EU without a visa, and use the same currency anywhere within the EU that isn't the UK. The countries that make up the EU are like the states that make up the US. And yet, the European Union isn’t considered a country while the United States definitely is. What’s up with that?
Real Life Lore and Wendover Productions teamed up in an attempt to clarify the difference and figure out what exactly defines a country. There are basic guidelines that determine a sovereign country: a permanent population, a defined territory, a government, and a capacity to enter relations with other states.
The United States of America is interesting because of all the territories that lie outside America that it controls, and all the Native American reservations that lie within its border that it doesn’t control at all. A map of the United States could actually be pockmarked with gaps where the Native American reservations are. Also, the fact that states can make things legal that the federal government has deemed illegal (hello, weed) sort of goes against the one government rule of being a country. And yet, it’s still a country.
The European Union fulfils damn near every requirement of being a sovereign country but it’s still not a sovereign country because no one recognises it as such. And you can fulfil all the guidelines of sovereignty, but a country’s true sovereignty is determined by how many other sovereign countries recognise sovereignty.
Yep, it’s a tangled human mess. Countries only work when damn near everybody believes the lines we draw up as borders actually mean something. So no matter how similar they are, no one thinks that the lines of the EU actually represent a country while the lines of the United States obviously mean something.