Google, Facebook and Twitter, three of the world's most prominent tech companies, all testified before Congress this week that they had unintentionally been part of an alleged Russian operation to spread misinformation and propaganda during the 2016 presidential elections. On Saturday, Republican Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell suggested that the companies involved could make good by helping the U.S. government “retaliate” against Russia.
During an interview with conservative radio host Hugh Hewitt, Recode reported, McConnell criticised the absence of top tech chiefs like Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg at the hearings before arguing the companies “ought to be more interested in cooperating when you have a clear law enforcement issue, more interested in cooperating with law enforcement than they have been.”
But he added he was a “little sceptical” about proposals to force tech companies to disclose the identities of those who purchase political ads online—something which could potentially hamper U.S. individuals and entities eager to practise similar political subterfuge. Instead, McConnell said, tech can make good by helping weaponise their platforms against Russia.
“What we ought to do in regard to the Russians is retaliate, seriously retaliate against the Russians,” McConnell said. “And these tech firms could be helpful in ... giving us a way to do that.”
It’s pretty clear from Facebook, Google and Twitter’s testimony this week that members of Congress are very displeased with their response to the alleged Russian meddling, including both by failing to vet their advertisers and shirking responsibility for months after the election. Most of the focus this week, however, was on how the tech companies should guard themselves against future attempts by foreign actors to game the system—as well as whether the government should impose more oversight to ensure that happens. Transparency, like the proposed regulations on political advertising, was at the top of the agenda.
Weaponising said tech giants to fight the Russians online was not exactly part of the discussion, nor is it really clear how the companies could do so. The effectiveness of the alleged operation to interfere with the U.S. elections is already kind of hazy; certainly it was egregious, but it doesn’t necessarily follow at all that the response needs to be a global cyberwar, nor does it follow that conscripting Silicon Valley into the effort would be particularly helpful. It could just make the internet into a less open platform that’s even more rife with propaganda, malevolent hacking, and surveillance. As Fast Company noted, big tech companies currently seem more interested in de-escalating cyberwarfare (and thus avoiding its headaches) than starting it.
Instead, this kind of rhetoric looks an awful lot like a pretext to giving the U.S.’ already powerful national security apparatus even more leverage over the online world in which Americans now do much of their daily basis—something which should be slightly concerning to anyone worried about whether, say, Russia suddenly becomes an excuse for the government to demand encryption backdoors or extensive surveillance of social media. This is how that stuff happens.