Jennicam: Why the First Lifecaster Disappeared From the Internet

By Kate Knibbs on at

Exactly 19 years ago today, a 19-year-old woman name Jennifer Ringley started streaming photos taken from her dorm room and inadvertently invented lifecasting. Then she disappeared from the internet.

As an experiment, the college student rigged her webcam to broadcast a snapshot of whatever she was doing at the moment every 15 minutes: browsing the internet, staring off into space, reading a book, masturbating. The extreme transparency—and possibility of nudity— was imminently clickable. She broadcast her daily life for whoever wanted to click, jumpstarting a DIY internet-based streaming concept that still has voyeuristic legs today.

Two years later, in 1998, Ringley was famous enough to appear on David Letterman, coming onstage after Samuel L. Jackson. Ringley was the star of a new screen: As Jennicam, she was the first celebrity lifecaster and cam girl. She graduated to uploading images more frequently and charging people (via PayPal) for premium access.

Until she disappeared.

Jennicam went dark in 2003, following the disintegration of a contentious relationship, all captured on her web cam. Jenni slipped back into private life, and has no social media or anything by way of a (ugh) “personal brand.”

Ringley talked to Alex Goldman and PJ Vogt from the Reply All podcast a few months ago about her trailblazing ‘90s digital presence, which got up to 7 million hits a day. “I had to develop a really thick skin, for both the good stuff and the bad stuff,” she explained, emphasizing how difficult it could be to lay yourself bare like that.

Now, it’s not weird to watch a talk show and see an internet celebrity as a guest—never forget that the world’s preeminent wee egg-delinquent swag daemon, Justin Bieber, got his start on YouTube. But when Jennicam went mainstream, it was an almost radically new idea, an experiment in living life out in the open.

“This, to me, is like the perfect idea for the internet,” Letterman tells Ringley in their interview, right after he tells her he doesn’t really care about it. Letterman wasn’t wrong. Lifestreaming services like Meercat, Periscope, and YouNow are gaining traction. Mobile devices mean cam girls and boys aren’t confined to their bedrooms, and people haven’t lost interest in Ringley’s idea of living life online.

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