Project Loon, the former Google X Lab enterprise to provide mobile data to rural areas and disaster zones via high-altitude weather balloons, now run by Google’s parent company Alphabet, may soon get another major test drive.
Per Engadget, the FCC issued an “emergency license” for X to deploy its technology to Puerto Rico, where the FCC recently estimated 83 per cent of the commonwealth’s cell sites remain inoperable weeks after Hurricane Maria slammed into it at strong Category 4 status. The balloons will also help restore service in the US Virgin Islands, which were hit by the storm as well.
FCC clearance means that X may move forward to partner with a telecommunications service to bring its experimental balloons directly to the region, as it did in Peru after storms ravaged the nation in May.
In a statement, X spokesperson Libby Leahy told Gizmodo, “We’re grateful for the support of the FCC and the Puerto Rican authorities as we work hard to see if it’s possible to use Loon balloons to bring emergency connectivity to the island during this time of need.”
“To deliver signal to people’s devices, Loon needs to be integrated with a telco partner’s network—the balloons can’t do it alone,” Leahy added. “We’ve been making solid progress on this next step and would like to thank everyone who’s been lending a hand.”
Because X was already testing in Peru when it was struck with floods, the Caribbean deployment may take more time than that successful run. The FCC license will allow X to fly balloons until April 4, 2018, though it remains unclear how much of the territories in question will be covered by the experiment.
In the meantime, the situation throughout Puerto Rico has remained terrible. According to an updated tally from the Washington Post, as of Saturday, just 11.7 per cent of the commonwealth has access to electricity, 55.5 per cent has water, and just 44 per cent has cell phone service.[Engadget]